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The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is a federally funded research and development center devoted to service, research and education in the atmospheric and related sciences. NCAR's mission is to understand the behavior of the atmosphere and related Earth and geospace systems; to support, enhance, and extend the capabilities of the university community and the broader scientific community, nationally and internationally; to foster the transfer of knowledge and technology for the betterment of life on Earth. The National Science Foundation is NCAR's sponsor, with significant additional support provided by other U.S. government agencies, other national governments and the private sector.
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Boulder, CO 80301
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Boulder, CO 80301
3300 Mitchell Lane
Boulder, CO 80301
The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) was designed by a small group of innovative scientists, most of them university faculty members, as a creative response to major challenge that faced the nation in the years between the 1930s and late 1950s. Departments of Meteorology had been established at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Chicago, and other U.S. universities in the 1930s. Their goal was to investigate scientifically the physical principles that were thought to define the behavior of the atmosphere. Within a decade, military operations of World War II were unlike those of any previous wars-massive land, sea, and air assaults were highly dependent on weather conditions over vast regions from the North Atlantic to the South Pacific and from the poles to the tropics.
University meteorology departments grew rapidly as the military services sent weather officers to learn the fundamentals of meteorology. These officers' assignments ranged from daily weather forecasting to strategic planning for vast military operations like the D-Day invasion in Normandy. The military services also supported meteorological research to improve understanding of weather and climate. Military pilots on long-range bombing missions discovered the fast-moving, high-altitude rivers of air that came to be known as jet streams, now recognized as key elements in the large-scale circulation of the atmosphere.
Despite the impressive training programs of the 1940s, the field of atmospheric science lost ground in the postwar years, becoming a sort of poor cousin to many other branches of science. Approximately 90% of American meteorologists in mid-century were employed by the federal government, mainly in weather forecasting rather than engaging in basic research on the fundamental problems posed by the atmosphere. The number of new people entering the field was woefully low. At the same time, meteorology boasted the smallest percentage of doctoral degrees of any scientific discipline.
In 1956, the National Academy of Sciences convened a committee of distinguished scientists to investigate the state of meteorology. Noting the size and complexity of atmospheric problems and the inadequate resources for solving them, the committee recommended an exponential increase in support for basic research. Coupled with new funding, the committee planned to establish a national institute (later called a national center) for atmospheric research to be operated by a consortium of universities with support from the National Science Foundation.
The mission of the institute would be to:
In 1960, NCAR began operations in Boulder, Colorado, as a program of the National Science Foundation (NSF) managed by the nonprofit University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). At the time it funded the creation of NCAR, NSF itself had been in existence only ten years.
Today, NCAR provides the university research and teaching community with tools such as aircraft and radar to observe the atmosphere and with the technology and assistance to interpret and use these observations, including supercomputer access, computer models, and user support. NCAR and university scientists work together on research topics in atmospheric chemistry, climate, cloud physics and storms, weather hazards to aviation, and interactions between the sun and earth. In all of these areas, scientists are looking closely at the role of humans in both creating climate change and responding to severe weather occurrences.
For information on the UCAR mission statement click here - http://www2.ucar.edu/about-us/history
To understand the behavior of the atmosphere and related Earth and geospace systems
To support, enhance, and extend the capabilities of the university community and the broader scientific community, nationally and internationally, and
To foster the transfer of knowledge and technology for the betterment of life on Earth
You may also be interested in the UCAR mission statement.