SUSAN SOLOMON

SUSAN SOLOMON

 Susan Solomon

Susan Solomon
Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Science
Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA

Dr. Susan Solomon is widely recognized as one of the leaders in the field of atmospheric science. Dr. Solomon received her PhD degree in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in l98l. Her scientific papers have provided not only key measurements but also theoretical understanding regarding ozone destruction, especially the role of surface chemistry.

In l986 and l987, she served as the Head Project Scientist of the National Ozone Expedition at McMurdo Station, Antarctica and made some of the first measurements there that pointed towards chlorofluorocarbons as the cause of the ozone hole. In l994, an Antarctic glacier was named in her honor in recognition of that work. In March of 2000, she received the National Medal of Science, the United States' highest scientific honor, for "key insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole."She is the recipient of many other honors and awards, including the highest awards of the American Geophysical Union (the Bowie Medal), the American Meteorological Society (the Rossby Medal), and the Geochemical Society (the Goldschmidt Medal).

She is also a recipient of the Commonwealth Prize and the Lemaitre Prize, as well as the ozone award and Vienna Convention Award from the United Nations Environment Programme. In l992, R&D magazine honored her as its "scientist of the year". In 2004 she received the prestigious Blue Planet Prize for "pioneering research identifying the causative mechanisms producing the Antarctic ozone hole." She is a recipient of numerous honorary doctoral degrees from universities in the US and abroad. She is a member of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and is a Foreign Associate of the French Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, and the European Academy of Sciences. Her current research includes climate change and ozone depletion.

She served as co-chair of the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) climate science report, providing scientific information to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. IPCC and Albert Gore, Jr jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

She was named one of the year's 100 most influential people in Time magazine in 2008.

She also received the Grande Medaille of the Academy of Sciences in Paris for her leadership in ozone and climate science in 2008, and the Volvo Environment Prize in 2009. mistry/climate coupling, including leading research on the irreversibility of global warming linked to athropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, and on the influence of the ozone hole on the climate of the southern hemisphere. Her current focus is on issues relating to both atmospheric chemistry and climate change.

Dr. Solomon's book, The Coldest March: Scott's Fatal Antarctic Expedition, depicts the tale of Captain Robert Falcon Scott's failed 1912 Antarctic expedition, specifically applying the comparison of modern meteorological data with that recorded by Scott's expedition in an attempt to shed new light on the reasons for the demise of Scott's polar party.